|Trinidad and Tobago is an independent country located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. The territory consists of two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and 21 smaller islands. Trinidad, by far the larger of the two islands, lies with its southwestern tip only 11 kilometers from the coast of Venezuela. Tobago lies 32 kilometers northeast of Trinidad. The total area of the country is 5,128 sq. km., the island of Trinidad is 4,820 sq. km. and the island of Tobago is 303 sq. km. The total population is 1.3 million people of which more than 96% lives on Trinidad. Port of Spain is the capital and located on Trinidad.
Trinidad is made up of plains, crossed from east to west by three mountain ranges. The highest mountain is Cerro del Aripo at 940 meters. Trinidad is rich in architecture, art, fashion, food, festivals and music derived from the many cultures represented. Popular beaches in Trinidad are Maracas, Tyrico, Mayaro, Chargville, Los Iros and Quinam. Most of the beaches on the north coast are beautiful, with powdery sand and clear blue water.
Tobago is of volcanic origin and crossed by a mountain range, which reaches its highest point with the Pigeon Peak, 576 meters. The town of Scarborough is the main center of Tobago. The island has miles of beautiful, empty palm-fringed beaches, coral reefs and offers the visitors the typical tranquility expected in a laid-back Caribbean island. Popular beaches include Pigeon Point, Store Bay and Man-of War Bay. On the north coast of Tobago is a natural coral reef, Buccoo Reef, where you will find excellent scuba diving and snorkeling.
There are fewer hotels and resorts on Trinidad and Tobago than most Caribbean islands, but the number of rooms does not affect the quality of the accommodation. Hotels and resorts range from budget and moderately priced lodgings to exclusive accommodation with lavish amenities.
Because of its close proximity to equator, warm weather is to be expected all year round. The day temperatures reach 30-35C, dropping 5-10C in the evenings. The rainy season is mostly in the winter months. The islands are south of the hurricane belt, so tropical storms are almost never a concern.
Airports located on both islands have scheduled flights to and from most parts of the world. If you are flying into Trinidad, you will arrive at Piarco International Airport, near Port of Spain. When landing in Tobago, you will fly into Crown Point International Airport.