|The state of Puerto Rico is a freely associated state to the United States of America. The total land area is 9,103 sq. km. and consists of the island of Puerto Rico (8,891 sq. km.) and other smaller islands, including Vieques (134 sq. km.), Mona (50 sq. km.), Culebra (28 sq. km.), Desecheo and Caja de Muertos. The total population of Puerto Rico is about 4 million and the capital city is San Juan.
Miles of publicly accessible shoreline are one of the reasons why Puerto Rico is one of the most visited islands in the Caribbean. Beach lovers will enjoy Luquillo Beach with its sparkling, calm waters protected by an offshore coral reef. Or visit the famous Condado Beach in San Juan. Alternatively you could go to Culebra and visit Playa Flamenco, a 5 kilometer (3 miles) long beach on the northern shore of Culebra and one of the prettiest beaches in the Caribbean. Sun Bay on the nearby island, Vieques, offers snorkeling, scuba diving and boat rentals.
San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico, was founded in 1521. It is divided into an old and new region. San Juan's old region is officially declared National Historic Zone. San Juan is home to several fascinating attractions like Arecibo Observatory, Luis Munoz Marine Park, Barcadi Rum Distillery, Casa del Libro, Pablo Casals Museum and Casa Blanca.
Puerto Rico offers more great golf courses than any other Caribbean island. Golfers have a choice of championship courses including the new River Course at Rio Mar Beach designed by Greg Norman.
Northeast trade winds help to keep Puerto Rico cool. The average temperature is 24C (76F), cooler in the mountains and in the evenings, with summer highs about 32C (90F). Nighttime and winter lows can drop to about 15C (60F). Humidity is consistently high, except during January through May. Rain is common throughout the year, with heavier amounts on the north coast, near San Juan. Hurricane season runs from August through October, but storms rarely occur. Visitor traffic peaks during March and April, when many North Americans escape the cold by visiting the island, these months are consequently also the most expensive to visit.
Luis Munoz Marin International Airport (SJU) in San Juan is where all international planes arrive and depart. There are direct flights to many places in USA, and also to several European cities.